Pyramid of the Sun - Mexico

The Pyramids The usual Architecture of the Aztec pyramids are shape structured step pyramids with temples on the top, to scarify or spend offers to there gods.

Aztec Pyramid of the Sun The Aztec

The Pyramid of the Sun is still surround from myths and undiscovered secrets. The Pyramid of the Sun was completed circa 200 A.D. near Mexico City. In 1971, a large cave underneath the Pyramid of the Sun was discovered which throws light on, may this is the reason why the why the pyramid was constructed, and perhaps Teotihuacan itself was built where it was.

General and Construction 

The building´s monumental appearance, is huge size and architectural features evidence the technological development and the level of engineering and architectural knowledge reached by Teotihuacan´s society. At present the Pyramid of the Sun has a height of 213 feet from its base, a measurement which corresponds to the building´s penultimate construction stage. Each side have a length of 747 feet at its base, and the pyramid´s volume has been calculated at about one million cubic yards. It should be taken into account, furthermore, that the summit of the pyramid of the sun was originally crowned by a richly ornamented temple.

Its construction was accomplished by means of a system using dirt, sand and adobe fills covered over by a layer of rock . This facing was then entirely sheathed first by a thick coating made mix, and then a finish of lime, sand and red paint. The chunks of stones now seen on the pyramid´s sides served in the prevention of any loosening or slippage of the building´s facing. The large walls seen on the sides, looking like enormous steps, functioned as retaining walls for the fill of the last stage of construction. On the slopes of the pyramid´s tiers one notes that the stones of the aligned diagonally probably for the purpose of counteracting any tendency in the structure to shift or slip. 

The new and the old interpretation of the Aztec Pyramid of the Sun 

On the basis of recent archeological work undertaken around the Pyramid of the Sun, a new interpretation has been developed concerning its religious meaning. Given accounts written in the sixteenth century, it was believed that the pyramid of the sun functioned as a base for a large temple dedicated to the sun (considered a deity). The new interpretation propose that the god worshiped in this building was the water deity, Tlaloc.Evidence supporting this interpretation includes the existence of a ten-foot wide moat which surrounds the Pyramid´s base giving it the meaning of "Altepetl" (Water Hill), the presents of child burials at the buildings corner, (characteristic ofofferings to the water god), and a cave found beneath the pyramid of the sun. Caves have the two-told meaning in the pre-Hispanic cosmic vision of live and death. Indeed, on the one hand, they bare symbolic relation to Tlaloc, interpreted as living -giving wombs, and, on the other, represented entrance to the world of the dead. The gods who symbolize these aspects of the pre-Hispanic cosmic vision occupy the central place as Tlaloc in this pyramid or sacred mountain.

Around the Pyramid of the Sun 

Concerning the earliest phases of the city of Teotihucan, there are several elements which indicate that the so called Pyramid of the Sun was Build at the center of the city, that is, at the starting point on the roads which define the godly places according to the pre-hispanic cosmic vision. This include the building´s astonishingly huge size, its architectural features, the various decorative and symbolic elements found through the complex and, above all, the group of structures associated with it on the on the U-shaped platform.The U-shaped platform surround the pyramid of the sun on its north, south and east sides. Its exterior was decorated with sloped paneling and atop it there where a number of temples, groups of dwellings and lesser plazas for the leading priests and lords (House of the Priests) responsible for the worship practiced within this enclosure. The platform separates this highly sacrosanct area from the others outside it. Here researchers have detected several instances of exterior revamping even after the fall of Teotihucan, which demonstrate the importance of this side as a destination of pilgrimage for the different cultural groups who inhabited the Valley of Mexico. To the front of the Pyramid of the sun, in the middle of the great plaza there is a large altar at whose north and south sides are temples and living quarters (SUN COMPEX). THe plaza´s west side is bordered by a large platform which sets this sacred enclosure apart from the Avenue of the Dead.