The mayan culture where high developed in there mathematics, writings, cultivation of corn, the exact mayan calendar and architecture. Also there arts and crafts of treatment of stone, ceramics, wood, textiles and painting were highly developed, metalworking (gold, silver, copper) where later and just for ritual purposes created. The Mayan culture never disappeared, some of there people live today at Chiapas, Belize, Honduras, Yucatán islands and Guatemala where they still have there ancient tradition.
One of the large mysteries in this planet is the culture of the Mayans. Many myths climb around the Mayan culture, which were once the most highly developed culture on the American continents. There are still a lot of unresolved puzzles for scientists to solve. The Mayans are famous for there mathematics and their highly developed calendar also for there written hieroglyphics. Important achievements are the cultivation of corn, the development of the very precise calendar and writings.Arts and crafts (treatment of stone, ceramics, wood, textiles and painting) were highly developed, metalworking (gold, silver, copper) played only late and nearly only for ritual purposes a role, not for the tool production. In the cities there were high pyramids, palaces, observatories and ball playgrounds up to 65 meter.General Information
Ancient Maya civilization
Ancient Maya civilization developed over a period spanning more than two thousand years, extended its culture over a territory almost 400 thousand square kilometers. Due to its artistic and scientific creativity, it was one of the most outstanding and complex civilizations in the Mesoamerican world. It managed to establishit self in a diversified environment, composed of high mountains zones, rainforest, and extensive coastal regions.This natural variety served as a context for an equally multifaceted culture still astonishing to us today, to a large measure thanks to the continuities evident among the different mayan people now living in the southeastern Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, and El Salvador, and who preserve there language, beliefs, and customs with pride.
History of the Mayan Culture
The first added archaeological founds from the mayan culture was dated approximately on 2000 B.C. at Cuello (Belize).1100 B.C. . settled hunters at Copán (Honduras) over Around this time was Lamanai created, which belongs with a permanent settlement time the longest Mayan city used from approximately 3000 years.Around 900-400 B.C. it became to the continuous settlement in the entire Maya areas and to the development of trade between the cities. Approximately in 7. century B.C. are the first settlement traces in the area of Tikal in Guatemala. About 500 B.C scientists found at the gulf of Mexico buildings of settlements and stone temples be for the first time. The first large cities belong to the Mayan culture was El Mirador (with the highest well-known Maya pyramid, 72m) and Nakbe in today's Guatemala.Around 400 B.C. - 250 A.C. the population strong growth strong and large Mayan colony's start to grow, also the introduction of the kingdom was evolved. Between 250-600 A.C. the first mayan stale at Tikal. In the year 562 it came to a large war between Calakmul and Tikal. Chichén Itzá was created around the year 650 after christ. Around 600-900 A.C. was the classical Maya civilization covered as a set of city states, which had in each case its own ruler and manager. The culture of the Maya reached their bloom time, while those also Uxmal and Coba were created.
The Mayans Today
A common mistake is to think that the Maya became extinct. Primarily the culture of the so-called "classical phase" disappeared but the mayan culture still exist. Nowadays more than 6 million Mayans live at Yucatan, Honduras Guatemala and Belize. In Guatemala about 40% of the total population rank at Belize there is approximately 10%. The today's Mayan religion is a mixture from Christianity and old Maya traditions. A lot of the old traditions are still usual like offers of chickens and spices. The most people live from growing corn or other vegetables. The Maya identifies there self over there traditional clothes. At Chiapas lives a still very traditionally group of Lacandon Mayans. This group still wear the old traditional white clothes like there ancestors. This group of people resisted the artificial and Christianity admission over all this years. Now and in future this will change because some Mayans now live from truism, where modern clothes hear radio and watch television. Also you can find already some cars in the villages.
The pyramids where architectural built as step pyramids. There where two types one type was sacred and was not meant to be touched. The other type was build to for sacrificial rituals. The people believed that with this high buildings the come closer to the gods.The Mayan CalendarThe Maya different calendars, which are based on a daily counting in the twenties-system for ritual and civilian purposes: the ritual Tzolkin calendar, the civilian Haab calendar and the long counting, with which longer periods could be seized, which played a large role for sky observations and astronomy. The combinations of Tzolkin and Haab data repeat themselves after 52 years a lasting calendar round.The Haab calendar served the Mayans for civilian purposes, for the computation of the seed also for the harvest time. The Mayan Calendar resembles our calendar. It covers one sun year with 365 days. The Haab calendar is divided into 18 "months" with 20 days each and a "week" with only 5 days.The Tzolkin calendar was used for ritual purpose. Each day is named by a combination of a number from 1 to 13 with the name of one of 20 protection divinities (or day names). A Tzolkin date designation therefore a certain day in one period of 260 days and is indicated for example as 6 Edznab.Popol vuhPopol vuh is the sacred "bible". of the mayan culture. The writings speak about the evolutionary history, wisdom of nature and social live. Also many Myth are written down in the sacred book.